O Root of Jesse, which standest for an ensign of the people, at Whom the kings shall shut their mouths, Whom the Gentiles shall seek, come to deliver us, do not tarry.

O Radix Jesse,
qui stas in signum populorum,
super quem continebunt reges os suum,
quem gentes deprecabuntur:
veni ad liberandum nos,
jam noli tardare

(Biblical references: IS  11,10; 52,15; AB 2,3.)

This thrid antiphon is deeply connected with Israel ‘s history and introduces a hope message feeded by the Prophets. Isaia’ s prophecies are particularly remembered to confirm David’s dinasty to Christ. Iesse is David’s father. David, at the very beginning of the biblical happenings, introduces himself to Saul as “ Iesse’s son,  from Bethlehem “( 1 SAM 17,57). The Messiah is inrtroduced as Whose roots are into Israel’ s stock and, in the same time, the complete expression of the entiere expectation of the Ancient Alliance People. This is the Messiah introduced by Isaia as the future Symbol to the people. He is the suffering Servant, and the kings of this world keep silent in front of His Face contorted with pain.
     Saint Paul says that Isaia’s profecy is perfectionned in Christ, as Iesse’s descendant, Who will judge all the nations and everyone will hope in Him. (RM, 15-12). Looking at the Child from Bethlehem we are able to imagine His Life in Nazareth, where He lived respecting all the habits and traditions of His people, following Moses’ laws like the other Israelites.
     In the antiphon we are able to see also the light of Resurrection, for that “root”, after being hidden into the pain and humiliation of death has become the hope to all the people.
     All the kings of the world will keep silent as He is not only a God’s Sign, but God Himself, into human being. He is not only th Hope to Israel but to all the Nations and all the people.
     Iesse’s root is Christ risen from death, the sprout blossomed on the Ancient Tree of the Patriarchs history, in order to complete the expectations by the Prophets, the kings, the Patriarchs. Christ is the new God’s people root. We think immediately to the “house built on the rock” (MT 7-24), to the” wine vine stocks” ( GIOV 15-5) in the Evangile. These two pictures give us an idea about the meaning of  Snt Paul statement: “ in Him we have our roots and foundation” (COL 2-7).
     The antiphon says everything you want to know about the history of Salvation untill the new human being that’s christian being, a new life engrafted on the wine-plant through the Baptism, the wine –plant giving us the divine lymph, needful for becoming vine stocks and and fructifying. He is also  “the Rock”, the basic stone where God’s family lays her foundation. For this reason the evil, the winds, the storms will not win, if this house, id est the Church, talks more about Him than about herself. The Church is the Sentinel, waiting for the sun rise , announcing the Great Hope.



©2009 - Pontifical Council for Social Communications